What causes a struvite stone?
Struvite stones are caused by an upper urinary tract infection (UTI) from bacteria. Ammonia produced as a waste product by the bacteria can make the urine less acidic (or more alkaline).
Can struvite stones be dissolved?
Struvite stones can often be completely dissolved in both dogs and cats using special diets. These diets encourage greater water consumption, contain controlled amounts of protein and certain minerals, and also alter the acidity of the urine.
What can struvite be used for?
Struvite is a phosphate fertilizer, although it contains a significant amount of nitrogen and magnesium, and it is an effective alternative source of rock phosphate to maintain the agricultural production system.
Can hard water cause bladder stones in dogs?
Urinary Health Issues Additional information to support this hypothesis is that magnesium (which is found in hard water) can contribute to the growth of urine crystals and struvite stones.
What do struvite stones look like?
On radiographs, struvite stones typically look like smooth rocks or pebbles within the bladder. Ultrasound may also be used to visualize bladder stones.
What does struvite look like?
Struvite crystallizes in the orthorhombic system as white to yellowish or brownish-white pyramidal crystals or in platey mica-like forms. It is a soft mineral with Mohs hardness of 1.5 to 2 and has a low specific gravity of 1.7. It is sparingly soluble in neutral and alkaline conditions, but readily soluble in acid.
What does a struvite bladder stone look like?
Struvite stones, like other bladder stones, cause significant inflammation and irritation of the bladder wall. Therefore, they cause signs similar to those of a urinary tract infection or other inflammatory bladder disease.
What kind of mineral is a struvite stone?
These stones are composed of a mineral called struvite, which is a combination of ammonium, phosphate, and magnesium. Struvite and struvite crystals are a normal finding in urine, at low levels.
What causes a cat to have a struvite bladder stone?
In some cats, struvite bladder stones form as a result of a urinary tract infection. Certain species of urinary bacteria produce a chemical called urease, which leads to changes in urine acidity. Urease-producing bacteria can contribute to the formation of struvite stones.
What happens if you have a struvite kidney stone?
About 10 to 15 percent of all kidney stones are made from struvite. This type of stone is than in men. Struvite stones can grow very quickly. Eventually, they can block your kidney, ureter, or bladder and damage your kidney.
How do you dissolve bladder stones?
White Goosefoot Juice. The scientific term for the white goosefoot plant is chenopodium . To get the best effects from it, grind 50 g of white goosefoot leaves in 125 ml of water and consume it for two weeks on a daily basis. This will help dissolve the bladder stones.
What are struvite and staghorn calculi?
- neurogenic bladder or
- Clinical presentation.
- Radiographic features.
- Treatment and prognosis.
- Differential diagnosis.
Why bladder stones and crystals are formed?
Bladder stones can develop when your bladder doesn’t empty completely. This causes urine to become concentrated urine, and then it may crystallize and form stones.
What is the composition of struvite stones?
Struvite stones are composed of magnesium ammonium phosphate (struvite) and calcium carbonate-apatite . Normal urine is undersaturated with ammonium phosphate, and struvite stone formation occurs only when ammonia production is increased and the urine pH is elevated, which decreases the solubility of phosphate.