What is the first sign of multiple myeloma in dogs?
What are the symptoms of canine multiple myeloma? Symptoms of canine multiple myeloma include elevated blood calcium, blood count abnormalities, painful bone lesions, elevated blood protein, and, in some cases, renal failure. Multiple myeloma can cause pain and lameness, among other symptoms.
Can a dog have multiple myeloma?
Multiple myeloma is a cancerous process that people and dogs have in common. This disease is also referred to as myeloma and plasma cell myeloma. Although not considered curable, this relatively uncommon canine disease can be successfully treated.
What happens to a dog with multiple myeloma?
Pain or weakness in the limbs and bones caused by the destruction of the bone tissue is again a common symptom of the condition, affecting just over half of dogs diagnosed with multiple myeloma. This may progress to full or partial loss of use of some parts of the body. Lethargy and exercise intolerance.
What are the symptoms of bone marrow cancer in dogs?
Symptoms depend on the location and extent of the disease. Weakness, sluggishness (lethargy) Lameness is seen in 47 percent of affected dogs. Bone pain and weakness is seen in 60 percent of affected dogs, with concurrent destruction of areas of bone. Fever. Partial paralysis.
What are the symptoms of multiple myeloma cancer?
Because multiple myeloma cells can wreak havoc in so many ways, the symptoms associated with this disease vary from patient to patient. Most commonly reported symptoms include: Lethargy. Weakness. Loss of appetite. Lameness and/or bone pain (caused by the spread of cancer cells) Unexplained bleeding. Loss of vision.
How are bone lesions associated with multiple myeloma?
Bone lesions associated with multiple myeloma include discrete radiolucent lytic areas (punched-out appearance) or diffuse osteopenia and commonly affect the axial skeleton and long bones ( Figures 2 & 3 ). These lesions may be associated with severe bone pain, spinal cord compression, pathologic fracture, and hypercalcemia.1,3-5,17 Figure 2.
What are the symptoms of multiple myeloma in dogs?
Symptoms for multiple myeloma resemble those of several other diseases. Your veterinarian will need to rule out a number of other possibilities for the symptoms, such as infections, other types of tumors, and immune-mediated illnesses.
How can you tell if your dog has bone cancer?
Usually, osteosarcoma develops in the long bones of the front legs, though the rear legs, jaw, face bones, ribs, and vertebrae can all be affected, as well. Symptoms may vary depending on which bones are affected. If you see the following signs of bone cancer, have your dog checked out by a veterinarian as soon as possible: Lameness or limping
Is there a cure for myeloma in dogs?
However, these drugs suppress already-weak immune systems and make the patient more vulnerable to infection. Any dog in treatment for myeloma needs careful monitoring for signs of infection, such as coughing, sneezing or tummy upsets. Sadly, at the present time, there is no known preventative treatment for this cancer.
What are the side effects of bone marrow cancer in dogs?
Treatment of Bone Marrow Cancer in Dogs. The treatment duration varies between 5 to 21 days and common side effects are immunosuppression (myelosuppression) and a reduction in blood clotting (thrombocytopenia). Cyclophosphamide and Chlorambucil are alternatives to Melphalan with a similar mechanism of action.