Who were the first to industrialize?
Rapid industrialization first began in Britain, starting with mechanized spinning in the 1780s, with high rates of growth in steam power and iron production occurring after 1800.
What was the last country to industrialize?
Spain, Portugal, Austria-Hungary, Italy and the Ottoman Empire started to industrialize very late in the 19th century. Belgium was the second country in Europe in which the industrial revolution took place and the first nation in continental Europe. Belgium became the world’s second industrial power, after Britain.
Which country started the Industrial Revolution?
What was the main cause of the Industrial Revolution?
Historians have identified several causes for the Industrial Revolution, including: the emergence of capitalism, European imperialism, efforts to mine coal, and the effects of the Agricultural Revolution. Capitalism was a central component necessary for the rise of industrialization.
Which countries were affected by the industrial revolution?
The Industrial Revolution began in England in the late 18th century, and spread during the 19th century to Belgium , Germany , Northern France , the United States , and Japan .
How did the Industrial Revolution affect life in Europe?
Workers poured into the new industrial centres and in a few years villages exploded into major cities: here the masses were forced to live under appalling conditions in crowded slums and damp cellars. Working hours were around 14 hours a day and the workers were slaves to the rhythm of the machines.
Is the industrial revolution good or bad?
Life generally improved, but the industrial revolution also proved harmful. Pollution increased, working conditions were harmful, and capitalists employed women and young children, making them work long and hard hours. The industrial revolution was a time for change. For the better, or for the worse.